What Is Speech Therapy?
Speech therapy is a client centred health profession that falls under the area of Human Communication Sciences. Speech therapy is the diagnosis, management and treatment of individuals who are unable to communicate effectively or who have difficulty with feeding and swallowing.
A broad range of clients can receive speech therapy services. Clients may include children who fail to develop normal communication or adolescents who acquire communication disabilities as a result of disease, injury or a stroke. Speech therapists also assist a variety of clients with feeding or swallowing problems.
What do Speech therapists do?
- Speech delays and disorders including articulation, phonology and motor speech disorders.
- Language delays and disorders,including expression and comprehension in oral and non-verbal contexts
- Fluency disorders, including stuttering.
- Voice and resonance disorders.
- Swallowing and feeding disordersin adults and, children and infants.
- Cognitive-communicative disordersincluding social communication skills, reasoning, problem solving and executive functions.
- Pre-literacy and literacy skills including phonological awareness, decoding, reading comprehension and writing.
- Communication and swallowing disorders related to other issues. For example, hearing impairments, traumatic brain injury, dementia, developmental, intellectual or genetic disorders and neurological impairments.